Awareness and Advocacy

The Nepal Association of the Blind conducts different types of activities to raise awareness about visual impairment and issues of this group of persons. Awareness raising activities are:

  • Workshops and Seminars

  • Meetings

  • delegations

  • press mobilization

  • Counceling

  • Radio programmes

  • rallies & demonstrations

Results of the advocacy efforts of NAB were

  • Ratification of the UN Convention for the Rights of People with Disabilities and its Optional Protocol

  • Job reservation in civil service for people with disabilities

  • Provision of disability pensions

  • Tax exemption

  • Provision of subsidies and allocation of budget on local level for the development of the disability sector

  • Free education for students with visual impairment and other disabilities

  • Regular budget from the government for the Association

Capacity Building Training

NAB regularly offers several types of trainings to build the capacities of office bearers and members of NAB, such as leadership development trainings, office management trainings, proposal and report writing trainings, trainings of trainers (TOT) and Facilitation training.

Computer Training

NAB provides a six months computer and basic secretarial training course to 10 visually impaired S.L.C graduates (school leaving exam after grade 10) every year in order to give them tools for independent study and research. The Association provides a scholarship to the selected students. Initially, the training had been supported by USC Nepal. Later, the project had been continued with the support of Action Aid Nepal from 2004 - 2008. Currently the training is being supported by the Government of Nepal. Till now, 99 SLC graduates have completed the computer course. Many of the trainees are engaging in jobs such as telephone operaters, teachers, freelancers, organization managers, et.


Music Training

Music education is regarded as a competitive profession of the blind. Music training includes singing, instruments and rhythm. 

This training has been launched in 2001 aiming to develop music professionals among the blind adults. 

8 literate and illiterate male and female students receive a scholarship every year. Many of the trained students work as musicians at restaurants, schools etc.


Vocational Training

NAB conducts vocational trainings like bamboo craft, candle and incense stick making, soap and detergent making, knitting and weaving etc. Currently NAB is running a two months months vocational trainings to produce stools in the central office in Kathmandu. Trainings include daily living skills, mobility/orientation and marketing. The training is provided to visually impaired people from across the country through the branches, as far as possible in gender balance.

Saving and Credit Groups

Saving and Credit groups are formed on district level through orientation training. They are then provided refresher training, saving credit management training and matching fund disbursement. 20 branches have formed at least one saving credit group where more than 350 visually impaired people are engaged as members. The groups help members to practice financial management and find quick help in times of financial needs. At the same time the groups are an opportunity for regular meetings and exchange of experience for visually impaired people in rural areas. The credits disbursed by the saving groups help members to set up small businesses, to pay for education or meet personal needs.

Braille Reading and Writings

The course includes music trainees, vocational trainees and persons who became recently blind due to various causes.

Orientation and Mobility Training

NAB provides orientation and mobility training to music students, computer trainees, vocational trainees, hostel students and recently blind persons to make them able to walk independently.

Support Services

NAB runs a Braille equipment bank in order to supply members with Assistive devices on the basis of "no loss, no gain". The bank includes White Cane, Slate & Stylus, Abacus, Chess Board and other equipments.

Braille Press

NAB has been running the Braille Press since 2000 with the support of NABP. Currently, the press is equipped with Braillo 400, Braillo 200, 4x4 Index and three technical staffs. The press has now become popular in printing of school books for the government. The press also prints reference materials and college text books in English.

Digital Accessible Information System (DAISY) and Audio Cassettes

NAB has been recording the text books on Digital Accessible Information System (DAISY) which permits every one but especially people with visual impairment or print disability to experience a better way to read.


There are about 80-90 blind students who complete high school education yearly. Those students come out of school with great rays of hope of a college education. However, financial constrains often create an obstacle to fulfilling their dreams. NAB has a clear vision that no blind student has to discontinue his/her college education due to the lack of a scholarship. In this connection, NAB/NABP has provided scholarship to visually impaired college students since 1999. Mishri Devi Dhabhadel scholarship fund is also contributing to support the blind for college education which is created by Professor Harsha Narayan Dhabhadel in the memory of his late mother. Likewise Lion Himkanta Sharma Neupane Endowment fund worth Rs. 100,000 has also been established to provide scholarship to visually impaired collage students since 2010. Currently, the women's committee is planning to establish a scholarship fund for visually impaired girls.

Women Empowerment

Gender parity is an important issue at NAB. This association has realized that visually impaired women have less access to the opportunities than visual impaired men. Research shows that the education status, health status, social status and economic status of visually impaired women is very low. The restriction of mobility of visually impaired women creates obstacles for their progress. NAB conducts various programmes aiming to increase their participation and representation within and outside the association and to improve their condition. NAB Women's Committee is a focal unit to deal with the issues of the blind women in particular. The committee organizes sensitization campaigns in the rural districts to make blind women aware of their rights and opportunities. The committee organizes workshops/seminars among the blind women leaders and stakeholders at the National level. The committee also conducts vocational and home management training for their sustainable livelihood. NAB has rolled out a gender policy draft document recently.

Ladies Hostel

As many visually impaired people live in rural areas, they find it difficult to participate in training and education activities. This is why NAB set up a hostel for visually impaired college students and participants in different training programmes such as computer and music training.


Achieved Results 2014

Achieved result 1:

During the period 62 BPS graduates have been recruited in permanent teacher   including 32 new. This is one of the most important results. This has been possible due to the 5% job reservation act for the PWDs. Moreover, some of the candidates have been recruited in the open vacancy and other inclusive quota.  Such as, women, dalit, Janajati , Madhesi  . In order to achieve this result NAB had conducted especial preparatory class to the potential candidates. In some of the districts, NAB had supported the tuition fee for the preparatory class in mainstreaming training institute.

        Among disable people, employment is one of the challenging aspects as the society is traditional to accept the disability. Even within disability blind is more vulnerable in terms of getting employment and other opportunities. Employers are not aware of blind people's skills and capacity. In this connection, the result of 62 BPS recruiting in the permanent teaching profession is most important result.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   

Achieved result 2: 

            During this period, NAB has expanded a new branch in Makwanpur   a neighbour district of Kathmandu with 11 members including three female.  The branch is established with the orientation program by the central representative. So far, the number of branches has reached 44 including the new one.  The establishment of the branch is important for the starting of new rehabilitation project from 2016. 

Achieved result 3:

This year,  Gorkha branch started the office at Gorkha bazaar , headquarter of the district which was found in 2013. Necessory furnitures has been supported by NAB.  NAB also conducted regional level women sensitization campaign in the district  which was high media  coverage. Our campaign contributed to draw the attention of local authority. As a result , the branch  received a grant  support  Rs.50000 from District Development Office . The Gorkha municipality is also positive to support to the branch. The branch and the status of visually impaired people is recongnized by the government district officers and civil society. The branch  distributed educational material such as white cane, slate and stylus and cooking utensils to schools for the blinds from the grant.

Gorkha district is remote district of Nepal and the rate of disability is high in the district. The blind and visually impaired people living in gorkha are deprived from different type of  opportunities  like education, and life skill. So, the smooth running of the branch is important for the BPS people living in the district .  

Achieved result 4:

SLC (school leaving certificate) appearing blind  student will enjoy one class junior writing assistant for the exam from this year. Earlier the provision was one class junior.    This has been possible due to the interaction programme organized by NAB between media, exam controller office  and schools teachers and blind students. the program was held on 2nd December , 2014." Mathematics and writers problem as a big hurdle in present examination system" said MS. Samjana Rijal , a blind student of grade ten.Responding on her query Exam controller of slc board Nepal Mr. Bishnu Dware stated his commitment on writer’s problem I.e. writer should be one level junior. “Due to the situation of our country and lack of infrastructures, we’re unable to address other problems as in international practices at this moment”, said Mr. Dware. He further added as provision of “OR” questions in case of diagrammatic questions should also be implemented soon. There were 47 participants including 18 Television ,Newspaper and F.M. Journamlist , 12 BPS female and DPOs organization representatives.

With the combine effort of DPO's the minister of council has principally agreed to put forward the draft of disabled rights protection act in line with the CRPD.

 Similarly, the curriculum of grade viii has been revised by removing all kinds of derogatory words to the PWDs from the text books.

More importantly, When there was constitution making process at a halt , NAB organized an interaction programme on 24 September , 2014 regarding the timely promulgating the inclusive constitution in collaboration with media agencies among the chairman of constituent  assembly, chief whipper of four major political parties and other constituent assembly members. Mr. Subash Chandra Newang, the Chairman of Constituent Assembly, thanked NAB for conducting such programs with organizational menifesto . He committed to address  the issues of blind and disable people in the new constitution and promulgate the constitution within time.   Through this program the significant leaders including chairperson and members of CA recognized the issues of BPS people in a close way.The programme was really successful with high media coverage.

Another mentionable achievement is two central Board member and two other blind persons have been nominated for the Vice Chairperson of Disabled Co-odination Committee under District Development Committee at Ilam , Kapilvastu, Bhaktapur and Udhayapur. This has been possible due to advocacy intervention at local level.

Achieved result 5:

NAB is about to complete its second building in the government land attached to the existing building. The building has about 10 thousand square feet with five storied. The finishing work is undergoing. The building is build with  bank loan, NAB internal resource,Nepal government, donation from members and businessman and NABP support. To  date,  the investment of building has reached Rs. 20.5 million. More 2.5 million rupees is estimited to complete the whole building.

 During the period,  NAB supplied the Braille books and reference materials   worth of Rs.4081,571. In which,  profit was Rs.18,35095 by deducting paper cost , binding ,overtime, delivery , printing cost paid to NAWB and six month salary of three staff   to be covered by NAB . The main beneficiaries were department of education followed by IFES Nepal, MyRight, NSET Nepal, NFDN, CDC Doti, NAB Rehab Bardiya etc. 2197 set text books and other IEC materials were printed out . 

Similarly, NAB generated rupees 538625 in which profit was 100 percent by supplying assistive devices. The main beneficiaries were Community Workers Society,  Prerana Rehab Centre, Quest Volunteer Travels and Tours, Dhadhing , Tanahu, Gulmi and kaski Association of the Blind,  National Association for the welfare of the Blind NAWB, NAB Rehab Project Bardiya,   National Disable Fund etc . During the period 663 white cane, 105 writing slate/stylus, 355 stylus,13 geometry box, 6 chess board, 3 pieces 8 block letter were supplied of  Rs. 5,38,625 in which, 100 %was perfit. Another important achievement is Nepal Government increased the grant to NAB up to 2.5 million Rs. from 8 hundred thousand and 5 hundred thousand to 5 districts for the vocational training.

These are the most important achievement for this year . Because NAB's new building is a only  bigger building among DPOs led organization. The construction of this building will add the brick in the sustainability of the association. This building is expected to generate the income at least 1.5 million rupees annually.

 More importantly , 570 blind students received the braille text books in time due to the timely printing of braille text books and its  delivery. Through the  supply of assistive devices , NAB is recognized in the  society and is able to invest the income in the building construction.

Achieved result on Gender:

    NAB has constituted 33% representative of the blind women in its centre board by the ninth general assembly held at Butwal , Rupandhehi on April 11-12, 2014. However 36% blind women have been elected in the board including vice president. Earlier the provision was 20 %.

 With the increased representation of women in board, their say will become louder and heard in their favour. Moreover, women will have opportunity to enhance their leadership skill, so that they can work better for the gender equality.

Rehabilitation Program:

Rehabilitation programme for the blind and visually impaired people in
Nepal supported by Norwegian Association Of The Blind and Partially
sighted people (NABP)
he programmes is that those who cannot Tbe medically cured can receive
counselling from the rehabilitation programmes to get necessary
training and guidance in how to live as a blind person. The target
group for the rehabilitation programme consists of curable and
incurable blind. Curable blind will be examined and treated in
hospitals, centres and Eye Camps and incurable blind will be
rehabilitated through different activities such as counselling,
vocational training and education. This will contribute to the persons
to become self-dependent and able to live dignified lives.

The rehabilitation project has been phased out in the two districts
Bardiya and Rupandehi. Field staff have in meetings with NABP Norway
expressed that the project has resulted in a change of attitude
towards blind and partially sighted in the communities where they have
worked. This is also expressed by BPS themselves in a documentary made
by NAB . As can be seen by the indicators below – thousands have
regained vision and thousands have received counselling on how to live
more independent lives as blind or partially sighted. Vocational
training combined with seed funds has ensured economic empowerment of
many of them.

For five years, the blind and partially sighted in Rupandehi and
Bardiya have been encouraged to advocate for their rights. Many of
them are today organised in the two NAB branches in these districts,
with skilled leadership and their own resource building. Even though
the rehabilitation project in 2016 is moving to two new districts, two
 staff person will remain with the NAB branches in Rupandehi and
Bardiya as a part of the new project. They will continue working with
newly identified BPS and support the district branches in their
continued efforts to improve the rights of visually impaired and other
persons with disabilities.

Even though the Government of Nepal has a Community Based
Rehabilitation Programme, the scheme offers very little regarding
rehabilitation of the blind and partially sighted. The success of the
rehabilitation project, in cooperation with the eye health care
project and organisational strengthening project, has been to identify
all visually impaired in two districts and offer them assistance. By
linking the projects on eye health, rehabilitation and organisational
strengthening, the project partners have identified new avenues of
cooperation. NNJS has included rehabilitation as a new component in
their new strategy and is currently discussing with NAB on how the two
organisations can cooperate to improve rehabilitation for BPS.

Mapping is key to a human rights approach to development. When you are
counted, your needs and access to government schemes can be assessed.
For the blind movement, it is important that when our organisations
count you, we are also able to assist you. In the lack of government
provisions, the rehabilitation project has offered the services needed
– such as mobility training, elementary braille education, vocational
training and monetary assistance to establish a livelihood. At the
same time, NAB has cooperated with the local government and ensured
that the blind and partially sighted are granted disability cards,
braille text book at the schools level, financial support like seed
fund distribution, appropriate vocational training, advocacy for
annual grant from district development committee etc.

In 2016, the rehabilitation project will continue in two new districts
– Makawanpur and Mahottari. In 2015, NAB has further improved the
mapping component of the project. In these districts, the survey in
 2016 will be carried out in close cooperation with local governments.
The findings of the survey will most likely be published by the local
government and the survey will identify not only visually impaired,
but also other disabilities. NAB is therefore also in close contact
with other DPOs.

By linking these programmes, for the full period 2010-2014, the
project has been able to:

•       Reach 195,344 households in the districts of Rupandehi and Bardiya.
Vision acuity were taken of           887,494 (470,397 F/417,097 M)
people (total population targeted districts: 1,171,001).
•       13,555 curable BPS (7,580 F/5,975M) and 4,432 incurable BPS
(2,585F/1,850M) have been  identified and invited to join the project
program in these two districts. Of these:
o       11,377 (6,186F/5,191 M) curable BPS persons have got their vision
restoration in different eye camps and referring to the eye hospitals.
o       4,831 (2,655F/2,176M) BPS people received counselling services,
encouraging them to participate in the project programme and service.
3,675 (2,048 F/1627 M) of them now manage their daily living skills
(DLS) regarding their daily personal and household work (Target 2
o       867 persons got training on mobility, DLS, MDS in 2014 and 2015. As
a result, they are able to participate in community activities. They
are able to go government offices to receive disable card, and go to
hospital for health check-ups.
o       630 (285F/345M) incurable BPS has increased their income
opportunities, as a result of rehabilitation, seed funds and advocacy.
Among them, 585 BPS have increased their income generating activities
by 50%.
o       244 (99 F/145 M) BPS children out of identified 260 (112 F/148 M)
have access to education, including 2 enrolled (new) in 2015 (boy
1/Girl 1). Among these 22 (14 F/8 M) BPS children dropped out (in
2014: 13 (8F/5M and in 2015; 9 (6F/3M) of school.

•       Below are the most important results achieved in the period
2010-2015 in each project:

 Rehabilitation program, final year 2010.

2010 was the final year of support to the rehabilitation programme in
the Kapilvastu and Nawalparasi districts. The objective was to improve
the living conditions of blind and partially sighted (BPS) people
living in the targeted districts.

The rehabilitation project achieved results in all the areas listed as
indicating achievement of the project objective. The results detailed
below shows that the NAB/NABP has indeed seen to rehabilitating blind
and partially sighted inhabitants of the districts of Kapilvastu and
Nawalparasi. Targets have been met, and the project has benefitted the
BPS in the project area through rehabilitation, prevention of
blindness and restoring of vision.

A door to door survey conducted by the rehabilitation programme to
identify the BPS people in the districts was completed in 2005. The
total number of household visited by the door to door survey was 175
406 household (target: 171 272 households). A population of 669 276
has been covered by the rehabilitation program in the period. Out of
these 13 382 BPS persons were identified in Kapilvastu and among them
2 223 were incurable. Likewise in Nawalparasi there were 8 713 BPS
persons and among them 2 026 were incurable. The identified incurable
BPS persons were rehabilitated by the different rehabilitation
training during 2005 - 2010 and curable blinds were medically

The Base line
Door to door survey results of Nawalparasi and Kapilbastu districts
 Districts      Nawalparasi     Kapilbastu      Total
Survey Period   Mar-Jul '05     Mar-Jul '05
 Surveyed VDC/Municipality      74      78      152
Total surveyed households       101702  73704   175 406
Total population        618266  497 194 1 115 460
Total BPS persons identified    8713    13382   22 095
In percent      1.41    2.69    1.98
Curable BPS     6 687            1 115  7 802
In percent      1.08    2.24    0.70
Incurable       2026    2223    4 249
In percent      0.33    0.45    0.38

The most important results from 2010 are specified below:

Expected result 1: 50 BPS people rehabilitated through basic
rehabilitation service are able to move independently with a white

Achieved result 1:
121 BPS are able to move independently with a white cane. They are now
able to work in the field, meet with friends and seek opportunities by
themselves after receiving the mobility training.

Expected result 2: 50 BPS people who have received vocational training
are able to practice their new acquired skills.

Achieved result 2:
The BPS people in the targeted districts who have received vocational
training are able to practice their new acquired skills and have
improved their economic situation. 60 BPS clients (target: 50) have
been trained in different vocational training. Among those who have
received vocational training and seed funds, 35 BPS were showing an
average of Rs. 3000 to 5000 in monthly profits from their own
businesses (e.g. selling candles, incense sticks, bamboo stools). The
extra income from the businesses contributes to more BPS parents being
able to send their children to school and to BPS themselves attending
school, the BPS persons are also able to contribute to the household

Expected result 3: 14 BPS people involved in income generating project
are benefitting from seed funds.

Achieved result 3:
Seed funds are distributed to those persons who completed the
rehabilitation programme. The extra income from the businesses
contributes to more BPS parents being able to send their children to
school and to BPS themselves attending school. 14 BPS persons received
interest free loan (target: 14). See also achieved result 2.

Expected result 4: Number of 14 BPS students enrolled in school.

Achieved result 4:
The BPS children and youth have increased access to quality education
in the targeted districts.
34 BPS children are enrolled in different mainstreaming schools with
hostel facility supported by the government / private sector and
rehabilitation project (target: 30), among them 9 new students were
admitted in 2010. In 2010, total 52 BPS students (25 f/27 m) have
received scholarships at college level from NABP/NAB. This includes 27
new students (11 f/16 m) in 2010.  In addition, 28 BPS children (16
girls, 12 boys) are enrolled in school with residential support. All
the BPS students with residential support (except one who passed away)
have passed their annual exams and will continue their education.
Among the 28 BPS students with residential support, 19 BPS students
(10 f/ 9 m) who were studying in Narayani Higher Secondary School with
residential support from the rehabilitation programme in Nawalparasi
are now receiving support from the government.

1.       Rehabilitation project in Rupendehi and Bardiya, 2010 – 2015.

The objective of the rehabilitation project in Bardiya and Rupendehi
districts is to improve the BPS ability to be self-sustainable.

The rehabilitation project achieved results in all the areas listed as
indicating achievement of the project objective. The results detailed
below shows that the NAB/NABP has indeed seen to rehabilitating blind
and partially sighted inhabitants of the districts of Rupendehi and
Bardiya. The overall assessment shows better results than expected:
Targets have been met, and the project has benefitted the BPS in the
project area through rehabilitation, prevention of blindness and
restoring of vision.

The Base line
Door to door survey results of Rupandehi and Bardiya districts
 Districts      Rupandehi       Bardiya Total
Survey Period   Jan-May '10     Jan-May '10
 Surveyed VDC/Municipality      71      32      103
Total surveyed households       124372  70972   195 344
Total population        756 595 414 406 1 171 001
Total BPS persons identified    10 048  7 757   17 805
In percent      1.33    1.87    1.52
Curable BPS     7 947   5 608   13 555
In percent      1.05    1.35    1.16
Incurable BPS   2 101   2 149   4 250
In percent                0.28  0.52               0.36

Expected result 1: Completed survey in the targeted districts.

Achieved result 1: Door- to- door survey has been conducted in the
districts of Rupendehi and Bardiya. 195 344 households (target 170
000) have been visited to identify incurable and curable vision loss
(see table above). During the survey each household member is examined
of each eye by using E-chart to take vision acuity. The identified BPS
persons with curable vision loss have been referred to eye clinics for
treatment and have received their sight back. The incurable blind
persons are followed up further in the programme. The information
gathered in the survey has been used to design the rehabilitation
programme in accordance with the needs and demands of the target

After having vision restoration, the children and young people have
given good performance in school and college and could pass the exam
successfully with good marks. Similarly the adult people have returned
back to their previous job and business. Once people get information
on their vision acuity status through counselling, the consciousness
increases and they go to hospitals for check up to improve their
vision. This also helps to reduce blindness. School awareness activity
has contributed to reduce blindness, because the students get
information about prevention of blindness and eye care and they share
the information to their family members and others.

2014: The house hold survey was completed in May, 2010, in both
districts of Rupandhei and Bardiya. However, in 2014 additional 182
BPS have been identified (in Rupandehi male 46 and female 39 and in
Bardiya male 81 and female 16 BPS). The main causes were found to be
due to old age, accidental and few of them were congenital.

Indicators of achieved result 1:
1)      Vision acuity of 887 494 (470 397 F/ 417 097 M) people taken (total
population targeted districts: 1 171 001).
2)      Total number of BPS 17 805 (10 034 F/ 7 771 M) + 182 (127M/55F) in
the targeted districts.
3)      Incurable blind persons are 4 250 (2455 F/ 1795 M) in the targeted districts.
4)      Curable blind persons were 13 555 (7580 F/5975 M) in the targeted districts.
5)      Out of the curable blind, so far 11,377 (6,186F/5,191 M) curable
BPS have received treatment and can now see again (restored their
vision). (Target: 6000 curable blind have been medically rehabilitated
and have returned back to their work).
2014: 6,227 (3,424F/2,803M)
2010-2013: 5,150 (2,762 F/2,388 M)

2015 update (with new indicators as per 2015 plans). A similar, new
project is planned in the two districts Makawanpur and Mahottari.

1.      Focus group discussion among the local blind members, DPO’s and
Local Government authorities has been conducted.
Achieved result: Group discussions with local BPS members, DPO's and
local district level government authorities, civil society
organizations have been organized in both districts Makawanpur and
Mahottari. The NAB branch, DPOs, civil society organizations and local
district government authorities were agreed and happy to support the
project. Both district development committee have agreed to support in
printing of survey forms. There is also a verbal agreement between DDC
and NAB to publish the findings of the survey. In Makawanpur, PLAN
Nepal has also has allocated funds for the launching of findings.

2. Interviews have taken place with office bearers of respective local
branch, focal department for the Persons With Disabilities (PWD),
District Statistic Bureau.
Achieve Result: Meeting has been held about running the project among
the local NAB branch members, Officer,  District  Women and Children
(Disability Focal Agency), Officer,  District Office of Statistic
Bureau and District Social Development Officer.

3. Developing and printing of survey forms done by November 2015.
Achieved result: The survey form including all types of Persons With
Disabilities (PWD) is developed with the suggestion of District
Development Committee, Office of District Statistic Bureau, District
Office of Women and Children, NAB local branch and Organizations of
Persons With Disabilities. The form is under process to print at

4. Training of enumerators (3rd week and 4th week of December, 2015) completed.
Achieved result: In the spirit of the discussion between NAB and NABP,
NAB conducted the enumerator’s training at Makawanpur from December
26, 2015 - Jan 5, 2016. The enumerator’s selection process was
conducted in collaboration with Regional NFDN Office.

Expected result 2: 2000 BPS people become mobile and independent and
are able to do their daily work.
Updated expected results for 2015: Additional 500 BPS are able to move
around freely in their local community. (Target as per LTP 2010-2014:

Achieved result 2: The BPS persons who have been involved in the
rehabilitation activities have become mobile and independent: They are
able to move around freely and are able to do their daily personal-,
household- and farm work, to seek job/work opportunity, to participate
in social/community functions and in self-help group activities. The
Social Welfare Council (SWC) evaluation states the following: “BPS
persons are self-dependent, self-confidence and enjoy social
recognition in the family and community. BPS people' mobility have
been increased so that they are able to move safely and can reach
their desired places such as school, college, market and office
safely.” They are also able to go to government offices to receive
disable card, to propose their need and demand, go to hospital to
check up their health etc.

As a result of the trainings in daily living skills, BPS are are able
to do their personal hygiene, they are able to cook their food, they
are able to take care of their live stocks, and they are able to do
the works in the kinder garden. They are able to wash their cloths
themselves.  After receiving the training, the BPS themselves and
others report they are able to walk in/out of the villages/streets, in
the market with friends, go to school, purchasing goods and vocational
raw materials, selling their products made in the market,
participating in self-help groups and use white cane. This also
contributes to increased involvement in the families and communities
of the BPS persons. The participants are aware of their rights, both
in the local community and in the state (such as the right to
education). The participants have started to demand for the
scholarship programme and for the seed funds provided by the project.

2014: During the period, the project provided sensitization training,
advocacy and capacity building training. Such as organizational
development training, Rupandehi Association of the Blind strategy
planning training, advocacy on use of resources, health awareness,
group mobilization and saving credit training, UNCRPD programme to the
BPS persons. After the sensitization, the number of 746 (378F/368M)
BPS persons is increased to claim free treatment in the hospitals,
membership in self-help groups and demand their rights, interest and
facilities. The self-help groups have access to local resources for
their income generation.

2015: Due to the unanticipated change of leadership in Bardiya, the
earthquake and blockade at the Indian border, the project was not able
to implement as many activities as planned. As a consequence, not all
targets are reached in 2015. See page p. 33 for more information.

The NAB branches in Rupandehi and Bardiya (RAB and BAB) have received
monetary grants from their local governments for construction of
resource centres/NAB branch building, as well as support for their
annual programme. The self-help groups have access to local resources
for their income generation. As a result of continuous advocacy of RAB
and BAB, the Butwal /sub metropolitan city have committed to provide
white cane to each and every blind people within its territory.
Further, Butwal sub metropolitan city and the District Development
Committee Rupandehi have allocated funds for the expansion of the
resource centre of RAB for this fiscal year too. The Gulariya
Municipality has also allocated visible fund for the building of

Those who undertook eye surgery are able to perform their daily living
activities themselves. They are able to earn money through vegetable
farming, continuing grocery shops, tailoring works etc.  They also got
back family and community love and respect as earlier. This is
documented in reports of field workers and verified by the field

Indicators of achieved result 2:
1)      So far, a total of 4,831 (2,655F/2,176M) BPS persons have been
given counselling, trained in orientation and mobility (O & M), daily
living skills (DLS) and have also received vocational training. The
different training to the BPS persons is provided step by step to the
same person. Once counselling service is accomplished, the same BPS
person receives the O&M, then the DLS training etc. (Target: 2000
2015: 416 (170 new) (232 F/184 M)
2014: 3,059 (1,833F/1,226M)
2010-2013: 1,294 (581 F/713 M)
2)      So far, a total of 3,907 (2,189 F/1,718 M) BPS persons are moving
freely by using white cane. (Target: 2000 BPS).
2015: 232 (141 F / 91 M)
2014: 421 (239F/182)
2010-2013: 3,254 (1,809 F/1,445 M)
3)      So far the programme has distributed assistive devices (such as
white cane) to 2855 (1521 F /1334 M) BPS people.
2015: 382 (240 F / 176 M) white canes distributed
2014: 329 (154F/175M)
2010-2013: 2144 (1161 F/ 983 M)
4)      Total 3,907 (2,189 F/1,718 M) persons manage the daily living
skills (DLS) regarding their daily personal and household work (Target
2 000 + 500 in 2015).
2015: 232 (141 F / 91 M)
2014: 3,675 (2,048 F/1627 M)
5)      Total 1,506 (692 F/814 M) received vocational training in different
skills and 630 BPS have benefited from seed fund and 239 (95 F/144 M)
got educational facility (Target: 2 000).
6)      Total 1,776 (892F/882 M) BPS persons advocate and demand for their
right available in local government and provided by the state (Target
2,000 + 200 in 2015).
2015: 155 BPS (80 F / 75 M)
2010-2014: 1,621 (812F/807 M)
7)      Total 13,926 (7,395 F/ 6,531 M) curable persons (in the eye camps
6,636 (3477F/3195M) and by themselves after referred 7,290
(3,918F/3,372M) have been medically rehabilitated and have returned
back to their work (Target: 6,000 + 1000 in 2015).
2015: 2,549 (1,209 F /1,340 M). 174 (85 F/89 M) operated their vision in Bardiya
2010-2014: 11,377 (6,186F/5,191M)

Expected result 3: 2000 BPS people have improved their financial situation.

2015 updated indicators of achieved result 3:
1.      Additional 200 BPS people have obtained vocational skills and are
engaged in small business/income generating activity. (Target as per
LTP 2010-2014: 1000 BPS)
Base line 2014: 1,506 BPS (692F/814M)
Achieve Result:
181 (102F/79M) BPS persons received different vocational skills. Such
as bamboo stools, racks, incense sticks, grocery shop, cattle raising,
seasonal vegetable farming. Of whom in Bardiya, 20 persons are engaged
in mushroom farming, 2 are engaged in agriculture work, 18 are engaged
in cattle raising. In Rupandehi: 13 persons are engaged in agriculture
work and vegetable farming. 2 persons are engaged in bamboo work. 7
persons are engaged in grocery. 2 persons are engaged in goat keeping.

2.      Additional 50 BPS borrowers have increased their income earnings by
utilizing seed fund. (Target as per LTP 2010-2014: 400 BPS)
2010-2015: 690 (310F/380M)
Base line 2014: 644 (289F/355M)
Achieve Result:
46 (21 F/25 M) BPS persons are using their skills with seed loan
benefits in 2015.

In Bardiya: 2 persons are engaged in agriculture work, 18 are engaged
in cattle raising, 2 persons are engaged in grocery shop and 20
persons are engaged in mushroom farming. 2 of them have taken for
agriculture and their average monthly income is NRs 2,000. 2 of them
have taken for grocery shop and their average monthly income is NRs
3,000 and 18 of them have taken for cattle rising and their average
monthly income is NRs 4,000.

In Rupandehi: 13 persons are engaged in agriculture work and vegetable
farming, 2 persons are engaged in bamboo work, 7 persons are engaged
in grocery 2 persons are engaged in goat keeping. 2 of them have taken
for bamboo stool making and their average monthly income is NRs 4,000.
7 of them have taken loan for grocery shop and their monthly average
income is NRs 4,500. Similarly, 2 of them have taken seed money for
goat keeping and their monthly average income is NRs 2,500. 13 persons
of them have taken seed money loan for agriculture/vegetable farming
and their monthly average income is NRs. 6,000.

Those who previously utilized the seed money are earning good income
accept a few. The bread (donuts) making business has an average
monthly income of NRs 12,000 (increasing). Those who invested seed
money for incense production, now have a monthly average income of NRs

3.      85-90% of interest free loan received by loan borrowers are returned.

2010-2015: Total investment NRs. 4,216,500. 83,5 % is returned
Base line 2014: Total investment NRs. 3,866,500

Achieve Result:
In 2015, total amount NRs. 350,000 was invested (Rupandehi NRs 220,000
and Bardiya NRs 130,000) for seed money in different
vocations/business such as grocery shops, cattle raising, bamboo
crafts, vegetable farming, nursery and modern agriculture.  The
borrowers have return NRs. 1,327,750 (Rupandehi NRs. 655,200, and
Bardiya NRs. 672,550).

So the total investment is Rs. 4,216,500 (Rupandehi 2,079,100, and
Bardiya 2,137,400) for seed money.  Returned back NRs. 3,517,300
(83.50%) {(Rupandehi 1,856,600 (89.3%), Bardiya 1,660700 (77.7%)}

The refunding process is still running.

4.      At least 50 % of the targeted BPS should be women who have
conducted vocational training and are involved in seed fund.

2010-2015: 825 (394 F/ 434)
Base line 2014: 644 borrowers (289 F/ 355M) BPS

Achieve Result:
181 (102F/79M) BPS persons received different vocational skills in
2015, reducing the gender difference. In total, 47 % of the targeted
BPS who have conducted vocational training are women and 45 % of those
involved in seed fund are women. The target of 50% was not achieved
due to following reasons:
•       illiteracy among the BPS  girls and women
•       domestic role of women/girls
•       restricted mobility
•       over protection from parents etc.

5.      Additional 20 other physical disabled people and/or their family
have obtained vocational skill. (Target as per LTP 2010-2014: 50)

2010-2015: 280 (115F/165M)
Base line 2014: 242 (101 F/141 M) other disabled persons

Achieve Result:
Total 38 (14 F/24 M) other disabled persons have received different
vocational skills. Such as, bamboo stools, racks, incense sticks,
grocery shop management, modern agriculture and cattle raising in the
period of 2015.

Achieved result 3: The BPS persons have increased their financial
situation by income from the skills learnt. The income contributes to
more BPS parents being able to send their children to school, the BPS
themselves attending school, and to make contribution to the household
expenses amongst others. The seed funds are distributed to BPS persons
who have completed all the steps in the rehabilitation programme.
About 50 % of the BPS persons that have completed the vocational
trainings are practicing the skills learnt after training and are able
to make an income. The training that has given most income so far was
cattle raising and agriculture, incense stick –, candle - and soap
making, and packaging of spices, tea, beans. The SWC report found that
BPS people have developed the habit of saving in the targeting
districts and BPS people have been able to tap the resources available
in local community and in the state.

Among the BPS who are running business after receiving the vocational
training and seed fund, about 5-10% are earning high income (NRs. 7000
- 9000 monthly), 50-60% are earning average income (NRs. 4000 - 6000
monthly) and the rest are earning between NRs. 2000 - 3000 monthly. So
far, 60% of the loan has been refunded.

During the period in 2014, the total 344 (174 F/170 M) BPS persons
received different vocational skills and 157 (74 F/83 M) of them are
engaged in small business/income generating activity (Target 1000)
with loan. One of them is running bread making business whose average
monthly income is Rs 10000. Some of them have taken for bamboo stool
making. Their average monthly income is Rs 5000. Some of them have
taken loan for grocery shop. Their monthly average income is Rs 7000.
Similarly, some BPS persons have taken seed money for cattle rising
(goat, buffalo, pigs). Their monthly average income is Rs 6000. Some
of them have taken loan for agriculture/vegetable farming. Their
monthly average income is Rs. 5000. Some have taken loan for incense
sticks/candle/phynile making. Their monthly average income is Rs 6000.

Indicators of achieved result 3 (total numbers 2010-2014)
1.      Total 630 (285 F/345 M) BPS persons have received seed
funds/interest free loan (Target: 400 BPS).
2014: 151 (72F/79M)
2013: 175 (85F/90M)

2.      Total 1,506 BPS (692F/814M) people have obtained vocational skills
and 760 (338 F/422 M) BPS persons are engaged in small business/income
generating activity (Target 1000). Of the 760 BPS, 630 BPS have used
interest free seed money loan and rest of 130 (53F/77 M) BPS have
invested themselves.
2013: So far, 242 (101 F/141 M) other disabled persons have been
trained in different vocational skills.

3.      Quality interviews made with the clients, family members on a
regular basis are done.

4.      During the period, total amount Rs. 3,866,500 was invested for seed
money and return back Rs. 2,169,100. Payback rate is 56%.
2013: So far in the period, 85-90% of the loan has been refunded by
the borrowers (target: 85-90 %). 10 -15 % is not refunded due to death
of client or death of animals invested in.

5.      630 (285 F/ 345M) borrowers have increased their income generating,
among them 585 BPS have increased their income generating activities
by 50%.

6.      46 % of the targeted BPS who have conducted vocational training are
women and 45% involved in seed fund are women (Target: At least 50 %).

Expected result 4: Increased access of BPS children and youth to education.

Achieved result 4:
The programme has contributed to increase the access of BPS
children/youth to education by counselling parents/care holders to
send their BPS children to school and by providing assistive devices
(slates, styluses), school uniforms and/or financial support to
residential facilities. Schools have also received educational
materials (such as Braille papers, books, slates, stylus, computers,
Braille embosser) and support to establish resource rooms in 5
schools. The conclusion in the SWC evaluation report states the
following: “The access in schools and college education has been
improved through many scholarship provisions in the targeting
districts. Children and youth have got opportunity to foster academic
education in their life; it has helped them to enrol in the school and
pursue higher education.”

Statistic shows between 15-20 % increases in the enrolment of children
in schools each year. The rate of enrolment of community students has
increased by 30 – 35% which was targeted 13-16%. This is also a result
of advocacy to the local authorities and schools for school enrolment
and for creating accessible environment.

244 (99 F/145 M) BPS children out of identified 260 (112 F/148 M) have
access to education, including 14 enrolled (new) in 2014 (boys 8/Girls
6) and 2 enrolled in 2015 (1F/1M). 13 (8 F/5 M) BPS children have
dropped out the school due to old age and/or influenced by their
parents. The dropout rate is higher in girls. Similarly, additional 10
new BPS students have got scholarship to study higher education.

Resource teachers training, advocacy and lobbying from the programme
has been started and friendly environment is created in the school and
society, which has helped to increase the number of BPS students’
participation in school and college. BPS students are able to have
access to computer education and Braille printer.

The Shanti Model Higher Secondary School is able to print question
papers in Braille script. Students are able to answer by themselves in
Braille reading questions directly.
The data shows there are still 16 children out of school.  During the
5 years period, some of them have crossed the schooling age. While,
some of them have left the school due to over protection of parents,
humiliation, slow learning etc. In this case, we have only the option
of home education, adult literacy class and vocational training for
their continue education and the rehabilitation.
The project supported one computer to Shanti Namuna Higher secondary
school to upgrade the resource room that enhanced the inclusion of BPS
students in computer education. The project also supported
bed/beddings  for BPS students to Nepal Rastriya Higher Secondary,
Motipur Bardiya.

Indicators of achieved result 4 (for the whole period 2010-2014):
1.      The door- to – door survey found 260 school aged (6 – 17 yrs.) BPS
children in the districts of Bardiya and Rupendehi, and 10 children
which remained in Nawalparasi district. Among them 100 (40%) children
were already enrolled in school when the programme launched in 2010.
Whereas the rest 160 (60%) children were found out of school.
2.      So far, 158 (62F/96M) BPS children, out of the 160 (64F/96M)
children out of school, are enrolled in different mainstreaming
schools. Among them 144 (56F/88M) day-scholar students have received
scholarship. Out of the 144 school enrolled students, 50 (20F/30M) BPS
children are enrolled in different mainstreaming schools with hostel
facility supported by the government/private sector.
3.      All together 244 (99 F/145 M) out of 260 (112F/148 M) BPS children
have enrolled in different existing schools. In total, 90% of school
age BPS children and youth are enrolled in schools and colleges after
the project period (baseline 61,5%).
2015: 2 (1F/1M)
2014: 14 (6F/8M) new students
2013: 144 new students
4.      100% of Rupendehi and Bardiya school students have passed the final
exam. (Target: 95%)
2013: 100%
2015 update: The Government of Nepal has adopted a grading system for
all schools. Under the grading system, 25% have obtained the first
division (above 60%). Another 60% obtained the second division (above
5.      5 % (corrected from beginning to till 2014) of the students have
dropped out of school.
13 (8 F/5 M) BPS children drooped out of their study due to old aged
and/or influenced by their parents. The dropout rate has been reduced
by 3 % in the target group by gender and age.
2013: 6%
6.      89 BPS students have been enrolled in higher secondary schools and
all have passed the final exam. (Target: 16).

Expected result 5 (new component): Increased sustainability of two
local branches, Rupandehi (RAB) and Bardiya (BAB), in terms of
financial, technical and administrative sustainability.

Achieved results:
The training cum Resource Centre buildings in both districts are
almost completed. The compound wall and some outside works are
remaining. The inaugural ceremony was held in both district in
Rupandehi and Bardiya. Mr. Top Bahadur Raymajhi, the honourable Deputy
Prime Minister cum Minister of Energy inaugurated the Resource Cum
Training (RCT) building of Rupandehi Association of the Blind (RAB) on
30th December, 2015 at Butwal Sub Metropolitan city 14, Tamnagar,
Rupandehi. Similarly, Mr. Sanjaya Kumar Gautam, Parliament member
inaugurated the RCT building of Bardiya Association of the Blind (BAB)
on 1st  January, 2016 at Gulariya Municipality 4, Khairi, Bardiya.
The buildings in both districts are used  for conducting activities
such as; daily office work activities, vocational training, meeting of
branch, collection of micro fund etc.

The establishment of district level cooperative of NAB branch in both
district branches is in process. The National Cooperative Development
Board has postponed to registers the cooperative company for the
period until the next decision to come.

The branches are run under skilled leadership. For example, Mr.
Tikaram Upadhyaya. executive member of RAB, participated in office
management cum proposal writing training. He had written five project
proposals on mobility training cum white cane distribution, mushroom
production, interaction programme on access of public transportation
towards persons with disabilities and submitted to District
Development Committee (DDC) Rupandehi, Butwal Sub Metropolitan and
Sainamaina Municipality on behalf of the organization. All the
proposals were approved.

Indicators of achieved result 5:
1.      The five years strategy plan and rules have been developed in both
NAB local district branches, Rupandehi and Bardiya. (Target reached).
2.      Resource centre buildings are completed in each of the two district branches.
(Target reached).
3.      Part of the  current revolving funds running under the
rehabilitation project will be transferred to the NAB branches once
they are registered as district level cooperatives of NAB branch.
(Target: Revolving fund established with a pool of NPRs one million in
each district.)
4.      Eight members of 2 branches are trained in basic leadership
development, preparation of plan of action, report writing, writing
proposals and cooperative management. They are able to write small
proposals, writing report and also leading branch and self-help groups
(Target: At least six members of the branches are able to provide
basic leadership training, prepare plan of action and develop small
scale proposals in the targeted districts.

Unanticipated   Results
continuous intervention school enrolment rate went up high. Most of
the parents and children themselves are motivated to join school.
1.      Kapilvastu Association of Blind has purchased the land and built
the building with local support and above 30% of total amount is
supported from NABP. Dang Association of the Blind has received land
worth three million rupees from Urban Development Committee
(government) and built a building with additional support from NABP.
Bardiya Association of the Blind has started to build a building in
the land donated by a local donor worth four hundred thousand rupees.
Rupandehi Branch has received a piece of land from school property and
constructed a building with additional support from NABP. Chitwan
Branch has received financial support from NABP to buy the land to
construct a building.

2014 update:
2.      During the survey, the project identified 13,555 curable BPS
persons. Of whom, we could operate 5,682 curable BPS only till 2014.
We were not able to operate all identified curable persons due to
limited fund in the project. Afterwards we went to weekly home visit
to know the situation of the remaining curable BPS. 5,695 had arranged
for operations themselves. It has resulted in increasing the number of
eye operated person which was unanticipated result.
3.      Rupandehi Branch started the building construction with the support
of rehabilitation project. At that time we were bit doubt to raise the
fund to complete the construction. But the joint effort between branch
and project was able to raise NRs 1,100,000.00 from local government,
community forest, individual donors and blind members. This is
sufficient fund to complete the one storied building.

2015 update:
The programme staff continued to visit uncurable blind, who had not
been offered surgery by the project. In total, 13,926 curable BPS
restored their vision, of whom 5,856 were operated in eye camps
conducted by the Project. 8,070 curable persons had arranged to be
operated by themselves/referrals services.

Some activities have been carried out in partnership with local
agencies. Rapti Eye hospital provided free operation to 972 eye
patients from Rupandehi and Bardiya in 2013. This has been possible
with the support of Help Me See to Rapti Eye hospital. Similarly,
Community Forestry group, Municipality/VDCs and schools provided
support to conduct the vocational training, run business and self-help
group with financial support and tools.

2014 update: The Project has colaborated with District Development
Committee (DDC), Municipalities and Village Development Committees,
Community Forest, local Schools for the construction of  Office cum
Resource Center of RAB and BAB.

In collaboration with Rapti Eye hospital and Bhairahawa Eye hospital,
eye patients were operated in free of cost from Rupandehi and Bardiya
in the year.
2015 update:
I.      The Project has collaborated with District Development Committee
(DDC), Municipalities and Village Development Committees, Community
Forest and local schools for the completion of the construction of the
resource centres cum office of Rupandehi Association of the Blind and
Bardiya Association of the Blind.
II.     In collaboration with the Rapti Eye Hospital, 174 (85F/89M) eye
patients were operated from Bardiya in free of cost  this year. The
patients were taken to Lamai Hospital by bus from Bardiya after the
eye screening.
III.    In collaboration with Regional NFDN Office Hetauda, the project
selected the enumerators for the survey and completed the training of
them as well.
IV.     In coordination with Blind Youth Association Rupandehi, the
project conducted a joint interaction programme on access and
facilities to public transportation for the Persons with Disabilities
among the local government authorities, related public transport
authorities, media and civil society organizations. Finally, the
representatives of transport Authorities committed to fix the certain
seats in every means of public transportation establish the complaint
mechanism for the misbehaviour towards persons with disabilities.

The programme has conducted joint meetings with the local DPOs for
effective running of rehabilitation activities. Through which, some of
the local DPOs have information and better understanding about the
programme. Short orientation training on mobility to the members of
District Chapter of DPOs has also been conducted, which has resulted
in more support to the target group. District Project Advisory
Committee (DPAC) is conducted at least once a year. DPAC comprises the
members, under the Chairmanship of Local Development Officer (LDO),
District Education Office (DEO), District Public Health Officer
(DPHO), District Administration Office, local NAB, local NNJS and eye
hospitals. In this meeting project presents its progress and plan for
the coming year. The members provide feedback and inputs for further
improvement of the result. These feedbacks are incorporated in the
programme wherever possible. In addition, sharing of experiences among
the civil society organisations are held regularly.

2014 update: The Lumbini Eye Institute; Rana Ambika  Eye hospital has
taken positive initiation to run the rehabilitation services. Some
staff/counselers are going to be trained with the joint coordination
of the NAB Rehabilitation programme that will strenthening of the
rehabilitation services in the district.
The project have conducted joint meeting with the local DPOs for
effective running of rehab activities. Through this, some of the local
DPOs have obtained the information and better understanding towards
the project. The project also conducted short orientation training on
mobility to the members of District chapter of DPOs. This initiative
enabled them to support the BPS.
The project has conduct time to time press meetings, public
sensitization, PSA program on radios, distributing RAB/BAB yearly
calendar regarding issues of the strengthening of the blind people. So
that all related people, agencies and organizations are aware. This
has resulted in more positive attitudes towards blind people. Disable
people are able to get free health services, support in public
transportation /crossing road and raising fund for building
2015 update:
I.      The Lumbini Eye Institute; Rana Ambika Eye hospital has taken
positive initiation to run the rehabilitation services. Some
staff/counsellors are trained with the joint coordination of the NAB
Rehabilitation programme to continue the rehabilitation services in
the district.
II.     Project conducted health awareness campaign, lobby and advocacy to
the local authorities, institute of education, institute of health,
media persons, industrialist and business persons towards the issues
of the BPS people through publication and dissemination of calendar,
meeting/ seminar. Resulting, colleges have decided to fully implement
free education policy of the government for the BPS people.
The public hospitals have started providing free treatment. While,
some of the private hospitals provide 75% discount to the BPS people
for the treatment. More importantly, the media covers the news of the
project and the issues of BPS people as high priority.
III.    The project conducted advocacy cum interaction programme on
utilization of local public transportation, job opportunity to women
blind and use of local resources that changed positive thinking among
the concerned agencies. The drivers' attitude seemed to be changing
their attitude towards the BPS/ Persons With Disabilities.

Lessons learn

Lessons learnt 1, programme approach:
The approach used in enrolment of BPS students into schools by
counselling and close follow up of parents together with providing
scholarship support (such as books, stationary) has been successful.
The rate of enrolment of community students has increased by 30 – 35%
which was targeted by 13-16%. This working method will be continued
further, in addition to advocacy to the school authorities of
education for all.

Lessons learnt 2, programme approach:
As per traditional culture, in the Terrain region mostly in Muslim and
Madheshi community, the female are not allowed to go outside the
community alone. The male persons are not allowed to keep contact with
non-family females. For example in Marchwar area in Rupendehi
district, the male field staff faced difficulties in working with
female clients due to above traditional beliefs. Keeping this in mind
the programme recruited female field staff for these districts. As a
result, the female blind clients were ready to receive the services
from the project after continuous awareness work. Such strategy is
replicable in such communities to make the project more effective.

Lessons learnt 3, collaboration/harmonization:
The programme has conducted some of the activities in collaboration
with some municipalities, VDCs, media house etc. The support has been
in cash and in kind, such as technical support and venues for free.
The Project Advisory Committee (PAC) both at the central and district
levels have been constituted (See also point 2.7). The purpose of PAC
meeting is to provide corrective measures to the implementer
periodically in order to make effective implementation of project
activities and achieve better results. There is a need of frequently
action to conduct project advisory committee (PAC) both at the central
and district levels meeting by establishing better strategic action
respecting the importance of better coordination and networking for
building shared ownership of the program at the central and district

Lessons learnt 4, sustainability:
NAB rehabilitation programme has also initiated construction of
offices/training centre of NAB district branches with the coordination
of local government authorities. The local branches have been
mobilized to collect funds from various organizations, political
parties, chambers of commerce & industry and local people. This has
resulted in 4 buildings in four districts (Kapilvastu, Dang, Bardiya
and Rupendehi) and a plot for one building (Chitwan). This is a big
step towards sustainability for the branches of NAB.

2014 update:
RAB and BAB office cum resource training center building is about to
complete. The both branches can use the building for day-to-day work
and can conduct the training so that they can save monthly rent.
Branch can generate income by renting out rooms.
Branch members should be trained on advocacy skill for better result.
Supported to develop the linkage to the branch among local government
authorities, district level DPOs, civil society organizations,
business persons, community forest etc. So that branches are able to
benefit from fund for programme and construction of building, health
services etc.
Lessons learnt 5, gender:
The eye camps and the door to door surveys have proven to be effective
tools in order to reach both men and women. This has been important
for achieving equal participation and opportunities under the
Emergency relief to earthquake affected visually impaired
The earthquakes directly affected at least 400 visually impaired. NAB
has been able to support 251 families with temporary shelter, 253
white canes and 91 radios. The distribution programme took place in
Kavre, Khading, Gorkha, Sindhupalchowk and Dolakh in June 2015. The
distribution events was run in four phases:
•       Distribution of relief items

In December 2015, NAB distributed blankets and sweaters to 230
earthquake affected blind and partially sighted in Kavre, Dolakha,
Sindhupalchowk and Gorkha.

NAB also organized “Orientation Session on Disaster Preparedness for
Persons with Disability” at Gorkha, Sindhupalchowk, Dhading, Doloakha
and Kavre districts. The main motive of this program was to give
orientation to the persons with disability on preparedness and safety
measures at the time of natural disasters and to aware the authorities
about the needs of disaster affected people with disabilities.

Human resources:
Programme  Director
Field Officer
Field workers
Office Assistants
Programme supported schools for the blind and visually impaired students

- Guru Jojur higher secondary school Tulsi pur Dang: 9857822936.
- Nepal Rastriya Higher secondary school Basgadi, Bardiya: 9848111062.
- Nepal Adarsha  Higher secondary school shiuraj , Kapilvastu: 9847042972.
- Shanti Namuna Higher secondary school Manigram, Rupandehi: 9857064455.
- Birendra lower secondary school Rupandehi: 9847206726.
- Narayani Namuna Higher secondary school Bharatpur, Chitawan:
056520162, 9845086947.
- Baljyoti Higher secondary school Hetauda, Makwanpur: 9855031444.
- Bherukhi Higher secondary school Loharpatti, Mahottari:  9812022040.
- Shree Higher Secondary School, Basbitti, Mahottari: 9844016371

Disaster Relief Activities 2015

Experience in relief operation:

 NAB has a 23 years of experience in advocacy work. During the course of time, NAB achieved some visible result in the areas of job placement for the blind. NAB however has a little experience in the relief operation. The first initiation was started with the orientation training to the blind leaders of its branches in collaboration with NSET Nepal (an organization working with disaster) in April 2014. Before the training, the training materials were developed and printed out on Braille.

The first relief operation was launched in November, 2014 for the flood victims at Bardiya. Where thousands people were displaced after collapsed their houses. Of whom, 35 blind were identified more vulnerable from the economical point of view by our Field staffs of Rehabilitation programme. NAB then distributed 35 blankets with the contribution of members and staffs.


In due course of time, the recent devastating quake has pushed NAB to work in the wide- range in the areas of relief operation. NAB has therefore, carried out data collection of the blind victims jointly with National Federation of the Disabled Nepal (NFDN) by mobilising local branches and local radio. At the same time, NAB has planned to support to the blind victims for the construction of temporary shed through the inclusive response approach. In this connection,


NAB distributed zinc sheets to 28 blind victims for the construction of temporary shed with the support of Habitat for Humanity International, at Tinpiple, Kavre district on 26 May 2015. In addition, NAB also distributed white cane to the blind for their safe mobility. The similar activities are being carried out at Gorkha, Dhading and Sindhupalchowk. 


Experience working with persons with disability:


The Association was found in 1993 after the first successful movement of the blind in 1991 for the employment and education.   So, 21 blind were recruited in teaching. Fourteen blind students received scholarship for higher education and hundred thousand RS. Was provided for the seed fund  in the name of illiterate blind people for self-help project.

So today, NAB has reached to 44 districts with its branches through the organization strengthening project. Mainly the local branches are engaged in advocacy work and capacity building program by mobilizing local resources.


Secondly, NAB has been engaged in conducting income generation activities and life skill training, schooling, blindness prevention and treatment through the CBR program at Rupandehi and Bardiya followed by Dang, Kapilvastu, Chitawan and Nuwalparashi.

At the centre, NAB has a well equipped high speed braille press that has been engaged in printing of school textbooks for the Department Of Education. Similarly, NAB has been continuing women hostel and computer education for the blind for the last 15 years period.

According to NFDN record it is reported that more than 1800 people have completely lost their permanent shelters. Many others are injured and affected by the devastating earthquake.  In the lack of proper need assessment, the actual data could not be documented.   So, NAB DFDN and NAWB have set up data collection desk in the respective office. The data has been collecting through telephone and the member organizations in the field in the similar format. 

As per the information updated from different districts, the affected persons with disabilities are living on the following condition in the post-quake situation.

1. Persons with disabilities are not having proper access in the relief materials since the chosen relief distribution centers are not accessible for them and far from the area where they are living.

2. Children/persons with severe disabilities and need regular care, are likely to have less care since their houses are destroyed and parents are focused to manage to relief materials.

3. In the open space where people are sitting under tarpaulin, the persons with disabilities are not getting accessible temporary toilet.

4. Many organizations, institutions, groups and individuals are distributing relief materials to the earthquake victims each day, but children/persons with disabilities are not taken care while distributing it. The distributing agencies are not aware properly that, they should ensure that the persons with disabilities, senior citizens, pregnant women, children, patients are equally benefited by the relief. Many persons with disabilities have complained that they cannot go to the place by themselves where the relief materials are distributed because of long distance to walk.   

5. Persons with disabilities have lost their assistive device like wheelchair, callipers, crutches, white cane, hearing aid, artificial limbs etc.

6. The persons with disabilities who are using medicines due to their health condition are compelled to discontinue their medicine.

7. The poor hygiene and sanitation of places where the people are taking shelters has effected badly in the health of severely disabled people.

8.The regular aftershocks have raised metal stress of persons with disabilities thinking that they are not able to run away as other do.  


In this connection, Authorities and relief support organizations should understand the needs of disabled victims and take action accordingly. More importantly, Disabled victims themselves should have the updates of the information on available services and facilities provided by the Authorities.


We assume that thousands of PWDs are badly affected by the devastating earthquake. However, only 1800 is registered in the list of victims with NFDN. Similarly, 500 blind and partially sighted are registered in NAB. So it has been a great challenge in collecting the clear data of disabled victims. Moreover, we have got very few data from Dolakha, Ramechhap, Sindhuli and Solukhumbu due to lack of effective mechanisms. it has caused the problem in planning and implementing for the relief support and rehabilitation to them.


On the other hand, victims might not have information about the contact point for the registration. Not only this, concerned District Authorities also do not have the system for aggregated data. At the same time, telephone is also disconnected due to the disaster. Thus the radio programme was highly demanded for the data collection. This will lead to a required services through inclusive response approach.


According to NAB Gorkha, Mr. Nokh Bahadur Gurung residing Choprak 5 Dhakreshora aged 35 did not recieve the relief materials in time. He wanted to talk to VDC Secretary in this matter. But he didn't have access to the Authority. Especially in the hilly region, many of the disabled victims informed that they could not go to the spot to get relief materials due to the topography, and the lack of transportation service. It is also reported that many of the disabled victims did not get relief materials distributed by Authority and other agencies because they could not run equal to general public.